7 / 7 / 2015
We have compiled some key statistics on the NHS. This data was last
updated in July 2015. The figures apply to England, unless otherwise
NHS net expenditure (resource plus capital, minus depreciation) has
increased from £64.173 billion in 2003/04 to £113.300bn in 2014/15.
Planned expenditure for 2015/16 is £116.574bn.
Health expenditure (medical services, health research, central and other
health services) per capita in England has risen from £1,841 in 2009/10
to £1,994 in 2013/14.
The NHS net deficit for the 2014/15 financial year was £671 million
(£151m underspend by commissioners and a £822m deficit for trusts and
The most recently published national surveys of investment for mental
health found there had been real terms reductions of 1 per cent for
working age adults and 3.1 per cent for older people in 2011/12.
Providers and commissioners of NHS services
currently in England:
209 clinical commissioning groups (including 199 now authorised without
155 acute trusts (including 100 foundation trusts)
56 mental health trusts (including 43 foundation trusts)
34 community providers (15 NHS trusts, 3 foundation trusts and 16 social
10 ambulance trusts (including 5 foundation trusts)
c.8,000 GP practices
853 for-profit and not-for-profit independent sector organisations,
providing care to NHS patients from 7,331 locations
In 2014 the NHS employed 150,273 doctors, 377,191 qualified nursing
staff, 155,960 qualified scientific, therapeutic and technical staff and
There were 32,467 additional doctors employed in the NHS in 2014
compared to 2004. The number has increased by an annual average of 2.5
per cent over that time.
There were 18,432 more NHS nurses in 2014 compared to ten years
earlier. The number has increased by an annual average of 0.5 per cent
over that period.
There were 5,729 more GPs and 1,688 more practice nurses employed by GPs
in 2014 than ten years earlier.
There were 12,432 more qualified allied health professionals in 2014
compared to 2004. However the number of qualified healthcare scientists
has declined for each of the past five years, with the number in 2014
874 below that of 2004.
50.6 per cent of NHS employees are professionally qualified clinical
staff. A further 26.0 per cent provide support to clinical staff in
roles such as nursing assistant practitioners, nursing
assistant/auxiliaries and healthcare assistants.
An NHS Partners Network survey shows that more than 69,000 individuals
are involved in providing front-line services to NHS patients among
their membership. Approximately two-thirds are clinicians.
Since 2004 the number of professionally qualified clinical staff within
the NHS has risen by 12.7 per cent. This rise includes an increase in
doctors of 27.6 per cent; a rise in the number of nurses of 5.1 per
cent; and 8.1 per cent more qualified ambulance staff.
Medical school intake rose from 3,749 in 1997/98 to 6,262 in 2012/13 - a
rise of 67.0 per cent.
Managers and senior managers accounted for 2.67 per cent of the
1.388 million staff employed by the NHS in 2014.
The number of managers and senior managers increased slightly in
2014, having declined in each of the previous four years. However
37,078 was the second lowest total since 2004.
In 2008/09 the management costs of the NHS had fallen from 5.0 per
cent in 1997/98 to 3.0 per cent.
In comparison with the healthcare systems of ten other
countries (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands,
New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and USA) the NHS
was found to be the most impressive overall by the
Commonwealth Fund in 2014.
The NHS was rated as the best system in terms of efficiency,
effective care, safe care, coordinated care, patient-centred
care and cost-related problems. It was also ranked second
However in the category of healthy lives (10th), the NHS
fared less well.
Current health expenditure in the UK was 8.46 per cent of
GDP in 2013. This compares to 16.43 per cent in the USA,
11.12 per cent in the Netherlands, 10.98 per cent in
Germany, 10.95 per cent in France, 10.40 per cent in
Denmark, 10.16 per cent in Canada and 8.77 per cent in
Current expenditure per capita (using the purchasing power
parity) for the UK was $3,235 in 2013. This can be compared
to $8,713 in the USA, $5,131 in the Netherlands, $4,819 in
Germany, $4,553 in Denmark, $4,351 in Canada, $4,124 in
France and $3,077 in Italy.
The UK had 2.8 physicians per 1,000 people in 2013, compared
to 4.1 in Germany, 3.9 in Italy, 3.8 in Spain, 3.4 in
Australia, 3.3 in France, 2.8 in New Zealand and 2.6 in
The UK had 2.8 hospital beds per 1,000 people in 2013,
compared to 8.3 in Germany, 6.3 in France, 3.1 in Denmark,
3.0 in Spain and 2.8 in New Zealand.
Average length of stay for all causes in the UK was 7.0 days
in 2013. This compares to 17.2 in Japan, 9.1 in Germany, 7.7
in Italy, 7.6 in New Zealand, 6.6 in Spain and 5.6 in
In the 2014 Care Quality Commission inpatient satisfaction
survey 84 per cent of c56,300 respondents rated their
overall experience as 7 (11 per cent), 8 (24 per cent), 9
(22 per cent) or 10 (27 per cent) out of 10.
81 per cent felt that they were always treated with dignity
and respect while using inpatient services.
69 per cent said that their room or ward was 'very clean.'
In the 2011 Care Quality Commission outpatient survey 95 per
cent of people using outpatient services reported their care
as being excellent (44 per cent), very good (39 per cent) or
good (12 per cent).
89 per cent of people agreed that they were treated with
dignity and respect at all these times while visiting
67 per cent of respondents to the CQC's community mental
health services survey for 2013 rated their experience
between 7 and 10 out of 10.
78 per cent 'definitely' felt listened to carefully and 72
per cent 'definitely' had their views taken into account.
In May 2015 95.37
per cent of 184,711 inpatients treated by NHS trusts and
foundation trusts would recommend their provider to friends
or family (25.9 per cent response rate). For 16,243
inpatients treated by independent sector organisations, the
proportion was 99.0 per cent (43.4 per cent response rate).
Aggregated GP Patient Survey results from July-September
2014 and January-March 2015 found that 84.8 per cent of
respondents rated their overall experience at the GP surgery
as 'very good' or 'fairly good.'
63.5 per cent 'definitely' had confidence and trust in the
last GP they saw. 74.9 per cent were satisfied with the
opening hours of their practice.
68.6 per cent stated their overall experience of
out-of-hours GP services was 'very good' or 'fairly good.'
The NHS deals with over 1 million patients every 36 hours.
In 2013/14 there were 44 per cent more operations
('procedures and interventions' as defined by Hospital
Episode Statistics, excluding diagnostic testing) completed
by the NHS compared to 2003/04, with an increase from 6.712m
The total annual attendances at Accident & Emergency
departments was 22.364m in 2014/15, 25 per cent higher than
a decade earlier (17.837m).
The 95 per cent standard to see patients within 4 hours of
arrival at Accident & Emergency departments was achieved in
21 weeks during 2014.
There were 15.462m total hospital admissions in 2013/14, 32
per cent more than a decade earlier (11.699m).
The total number of outpatient attendances in 2013/14 was
82.060m, an increase of 8.8 per cent on the previous year
In the year to September 2014, 418,661 NHS patients chose
independent providers for their elective inpatient care.
There were 688,977 referrals made by GPs to independent
providers for outpatient care during the same period.
There were 1.747m people in
contact with specialist mental health services in 2013/14.
105,270 (6.0 per cent) spent time in hospital.
There were 21.706m outpatient and community contacts
arranged for mental health service users in 2013/14.
53,176 people were detained for more than 72 hours under the
Mental Health Act in 2013/14.
There were 3.140m category A calls (Red 1 and Red 2) that
resulted in an emergency response in 2014/15, 9.3 per cent
more than the previous year (2.872m).
71.9 per cent of Red 1 ambulance calls were responded to
within eight minutes in 2014/15.
There was an 18.5 per cent increase in emergency incidents
between 2007/08 and 2012/13, reaching 6.89m in the latter
At the end of April 2015, there were 3.026 million patients
on the waiting list for treatment. 202,590 (6.7 per cent)
had been waiting for longer than 18 weeks, compared to
188,774 (6.3 per cent) at the same point in 2014.
Over the past three years the number of patients waiting
longer than a year for treatment has declined from 4,213 in
April 2012 to 411 in April 2015. In
the same period, the number waiting in excess of 26 weeks
has increased from 54,219 to 63,285.
87.5 per cent of people with admitted pathways (adjusted)
were treated within 18 weeks of referral in April 2015,
compared to 90.0 per cent a year earlier.
95.2 per cent of people with non-admitted pathways were
treated or discharged within 18 weeks of referral in April
2015, compared to 96.3 per cent a year earlier.
At the end of April 2015, 834,067 patients were on the
waiting list for a diagnostic test. Of these, 2.0 per cent
had been waiting in excess of six weeks.
Health and population
Life expectancy for UK men in 2011-13: 78.9 years.
Life expectancy for UK women in 2011-13: 82.7 years
The UK population is projected to increase from an estimated
63.7 million in mid-2012 to 67.13 million by 2020 and 71.04
million by 2030.
The UK population is expected to continue ageing, with
the average age rising from 39.7 in 2012 to 42.8 by 2037.
The number of people aged 65 and over is projected to
increase from 10.84m in 2012 to 17.79m by 2037. As part of
this growth, the number of over-85s is estimated to more
than double from 1.44 million in 2012 to 3.64 million by
The number of people of State Pension Age (SPA) in the UK
exceeded the number of children for the first time in 2007
and by 2012 the disparity had reached 0.5 million. However
the ONS currently projects that this situation will have
reversed by 2018, with 0.3 million more children than those
There are an estimated 3.2 million people with diabetes in
the UK (2013). This is predicted to reach 4 million by
In England the proportion of men classified as obese
increased from 13.2 per cent in 1993 to 26.0 per cent in
2013 (peak of 26.2 in 2010), and from 16.4 per cent to 23.8
per cent for women over the same timescale (peak of 26.1 in